Preoperative localization studies for parathyroid adenomas are very essential to perform minimal invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) with decreased operative time and potential complications. Although most of these studies based on radiological imaging, intraoperative assessment provides the most accurate anatomical description of the location of parathyroid adenomas. In this study, we aim to evaluate the surgical variations of locations of parathyroid adenomas in patients performed parathyroid surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT).
Materials and methods
Between January 2010 and December 2013, 243 patients (201 women/42 men) who underwent parathyroid surgery due to phPT were included. A total of 254 parathyroid adenomas were detected. Demographic features, preoperative work-up, surgical approach, types of procedures and postoperative complications were noted. Locations of parathyroid adenomas were recorded from operative notes. Statistical analysis was performed using t-test and chi-square. continuous data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation.
With regard to the most frequently observed, location of adenomas were as follows; right inferior (n = 89, 37.7%), left inferior (n = 78, 33%), right superior (n = 44, 18.6%), left superior (n = 25, 10.5%) and ectopic locations (n = 18). Ectopic adenomas were mostly located in the thymus (n = 9) and intrathyroidal tissue (n = 6) at a rate of 83%. Postoperative hypocalcemia (11%) was mostly seen in those with parathyroid adenoma located around the inferior lobes of the thyroid (86%) and undergoing bilateral neck exploration (75%).
The most of the parathyroid adenomas were found in orthotopic position and located around the lower pole of the thyroid gland. Ectopic adenomas were mostly located in thymus or intrathyroidal. Postoperative hypocalcemia was also higher in those with parathyroid adenoma located around the inferior lobe of the thyroid.
How to cite this article
Yazici P, Mihmanli M, Bozdag E, Aygun N, Uludag M. Location of Parathyroid Adenomas in Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Where to look? World J Endoc Surg 2015;7(1):1-5.